Classification, Nomenclature and Isomerism:
Classification of organic compounds.
Common and IUPAC systems of nomenclature of organic compounds (up to 10 carbons open chain and
Structural isomerisms in organic compounds.
Alkanes, Alkenes and Conjugated Dienes:
sp3 hybridization in alkanes, halogenation of alkanes, uses of paraffins.
Stabilities of alkenes, sp2 hybridization in alkenes
E1 and E2 reactions – Kinetics, order of reactivity of alkyl halides, rearrangement of carbocations, Saytzeff’s
orientation and evidences. E1 verses E2 reactions, factors affecting E1 and E2 reactions. Ozonolysis, electrophilic
addition reactions of alkenes, Markovnikov’s orientation, free radical addition reactions of alkenes,Anti Markovnikov’s
Stability of conjugated dienes, Diel-Alder, electrophilic addition, free radical addition reactions of conjugated
dienes, allylic rearrangement.
SN1 and SN2 reactions - Kinetics, order of reactivity of alkyl halides, stereochemistry and rearrangement of
SN1 versus SN2 reactions, factors affecting SN1 and SN2 reactions. Structure and uses of ethylchloride,
chloroform, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, dichloromethane, tetrachloromethane and iodoform.
Alcohols: Qualitative tests, structure and uses of ethyl alcohol, methyl alcohol, chlorobutanol, cetosteryl
alcohol, benzyl alcohol, glycerol, propylene glycol.
Carbonyl Compounds (Aldehydes and Ketones):
Nucleophilic addition, electromeric effect,Aldol condensation, crossedAldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction,
crossed Cannizzaro reaction, benzoin condensation, Perkin’s condensation, qualitative tests, structure and uses
of formaldehyde, paraldehyde, acetone, chloral hydrate, hexamine, benzaldehyde, vanilin, cinnamaldehyde.
Acidity of carboxylic acids, effect of substituents on acidity, inductive effect and qualitative tests for carboxylic
acids, amides and esters.
Structure and uses of acetic acid, lactic acid, tartaric acid, citric acid, succinic acid, oxalic acid, salicylic acid,
benzoic acid, benzyl benzoate, dimethyl phthalate, methyl salicylate and acetyl salicylic acid.
Aliphatic Amines: Basicity, effect of substituent on basicity. Qualitative tests, structure and uses of
ethanolamine, ethylenediamine, amphetamine.