INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS
Introduction, Definition, Characteristics of Computer, Evolution of Computer, Block Diagram
of a Computer, Generations of Computer, Classification of Computers, Applications of
Computer, Capabilities and Limitations of Computer.
Role of I/O devices in a Computer System, Input Units: Keyboard, Terminals and its Types.
Pointing Devices, Scanners and its Types, Voice Recognition Systems, Vision Input System,
Touch Screen, Output Units: Monitors and its Types, Printers: Impact Printers and its Types,
Non-Impact Printers and its Types, Plotters, Types of Plotters, Sound Cards, Speakers.
Computer Arithmetic & Storage Fundamentals
Binary, Binary Arithmetic, Number System: Positional and Non Positional, Binary, Octal,
Decimal, Hexadecimal, Converting from One Number System to Another.
Primary Vs Secondary Storage, Data Storage and Retrieval Methods, Primary Storage:
RAM, ROM, PROM, EPROM, EEPROM. Secondary Storage: Magnetic Tapes, Magnetic
Disks, Cartridge Tape, Hard Disk, Floppy Disks, Optical Disks, Compact Disks, Zip Drive,
Software and its Needs, Types of S/W, System Software: Operating System, Utility Programs,
Programming Language: Machine Language, Assembly Language, High Level Language,
their Advantages and Disadvantages, Application S/W and its Types: Word Processing,
Spread Sheets, Presentation, Graphics, DBMS S/W.
Functions, Measuring System Performance, Assemblers, Compilers and Interpreters.
Batch Processing, Multiprogramming, Multi Tasking, Multiprocessing, Time Sharing, DOS,
Data, Communication, Basic Networking Devices, Communication Process, Data Transmission
Speed, Communication Types (Modes), Data Transmission Media, Modem and its Working,
Characteristics, Types of Networks, LAN Topologies, Computer Protocols, Concepts Relating